Welcome once again to Club Industry's Top 100, our annual listing of the largest clubs and chains in the country.

This listing serves as a benchmark, not as a hard-and-fast ranking. Participation is voluntary and, when necessary, industry estimates are used for past participants in the survey to ensure consistency. This is a new step in providing a true look at the industry — and something we do with an eye toward the future.

As more outside interests look to our industry as a viable investment opportunity, it becomes even more relevant to provide a guide to the fitness industry's size and strength.

While we do everything possible to ensure accuracy, we ultimately depend upon the honesty of the clubs and chains [and our estimates] for their 2002 corporate revenue — the figure that we use to determine each club's place on the list.

In addition to verifying the information from participating clubs, we try to get information from non-participating clubs through industry estimates, speaking with competitors, and relying on those that work in and watch the fitness club industry.

In Deserving Recognition (see right), we acknowledge non-participating clubs that clearly belong on the Top 100. With the help of Rick Caro (president of Management Vision, and a member of the Club Industry editorial advisory board), we were able to estimate their corporate revenue. These estimations are rough; we report them here in order to give an idea of where these clubs belong on the Top 100. We hope to increase participation next year and, will continue to institute more industry-weighted estimates to give full recognition to all the clubs deserving to be among the Top 100 in the years to come.

The clubs listed in Deserving Recognition aren't the only companies missing from the Top 100 listing. The industry's major licensors/franchisers are also absent.

As was done for the last two years, licensors/franchisers are listed separately by number of locations (p. 26). Here's why. Some licensors/franchisers decline to share revenue. Others insist on adding the revenue of individual licensees/franchisees to corporate revenue, when, in fact, only the appropriate licensing/franchising fees should be included. Therefore, to be fair, we list licensors/franchisers by total locations.

We believe that listing licensors/franchisers in this manner will still give readers an idea of how large these companies are in relation to each other. However, it should be noted that, like revenue, the number of licensed, franchised and owned locations is self-reported or gathered from company collateral material.

We hope that each year we will be able to include more of the industry's top players in our ranking of the Top 100 so they may take their rightful place among industry leaders. We will always defer to the companies themselves when possible. But in the future, we will continue to broaden the scope of our own legwork to bring the most information as possible to the Top 100 listings.

Under $10 Million

Bellvue Club
Cascade Athletic Club
Dolphin Fitness
Elite Fit & Racquet Clubs
Gold's Gym of Kansas City
Harbor Square Athletic Club
Madison Area YMCA
Main Line Athletic Club
Rochester Athletic Club
Wheaton Sports Centers
Women's Workout World
World Gym Fitness Centers NYC

$10 Million to $20 Million

Moore Fitness
Spare Time

$21 Million to $30 Million

Las Vegas Athletic Clubs
P.R.O. Sports Club

$31 Million to $50 Million

Club Corp.
Goodlife

$50 Million Plus

Equinox
L.A. Fitness

COMPANY CORPORATE REVENUE FOR 2002 (IN MILLIONS)1 REVENUE CHANGE FROM 2002 TOP 100 # OF SITES IN 20022 # OF STATES OPERATE IN YEAR FOUNDED # OF EMPLOYEES # OF CLUBS TO OPEN OR ACQUIRE IN 20033 COMPANY PROFILE
1 Bally Total Fitness Chicago, IL (773) 380-3000 968 14% 412 (O)
7 (F)
29, Canada 1962 23,000 20 (N) Publicly traded operator of well-equiped fitness and a few multipurpose facilities.
2 24 Hour Fitness San Francisco, CA (925) 543-3100 934 4.9% 305 (O) 16 1983 20,000 25 (N) A nationwide operator of popular fitness centers, which sold off its European clubs in 2002.
3 Town Sports International New York, NY (212) 246-6700 319 13.4% 127 (O)
2 (M)
9
Switzerland
1973 7,700 4 (N) One of the leading owners and operators of fitness clubs in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
4 LifeTime Fitness Eden Prairie, MN (952) 947-0000 192 40% 22 (O)
8 (L)
7 1992 5,500 3 (N) Operator of multipurpose, state-of-the-art family fitness and recreation centers.
5 The Wellbridge Co. Denver, CO (303) 866-0800 174 5% 34 (O)
10 (M)
11 1983 5,000 5 (A) Owns/manages large, upscale athletic, resort, hospital-based and in-house corporate fitness centers and spas.
6 The Sports Club Co. Los Angeles, CA (310) 479-5200 122 20% 9 (O)
1 (M)
6 1978 2,700 2 (N) Operates luxury sports and fitness facilities under the SportsClub/LA brand.
7 TCA Chicago, IL (773) 463-1234 90 5% 26 (O)
19 (M)
North America 1969 2,200 1 (N) Owns and operates large, upscale multi-rec clubs, hospital wellness centers and corporate fitness centers in major metro markets.
8 Western Athletic Club San Francisco, CA (415) 781-1874 73 12% 5 (O)
6 (L)
2 (CA, WA) 1977 2,000 N/A Owns/operates 11 upscale athletic club and sports resorts.
9 The Sport & Health Co. McLean, WA (703) 556-6556 71 6.1% 1 (M)
27 (L)
3 (DC, MD, VA) 1973 2,400 N/A Operates 29 multipurpose clubs and three separate day spas in the Washington, D.C. area.
10 Spectrum Clubs Inc. El Segundo, CA (310) 727-9300 65 2% 19 (O) 2 (CA, TX) 1999 3,500 5 (A) Operates a wide variety of sized upscale athletic clubs.
11 Premier-Curzons Fitness Clubs* Mississauga, Ontario Canada (905) 602-9911 52 12% 10 (O) 1
(M)
20 (L)
Canada 1989 1,500 N/A Owns and manages full-service and women-only facilities.
12 Club One San Francisco, CA (415) 477-3000 50 1% 90 (M)
40 (L)
8, Canada 1990 2,000 10 (N) 1 (A) Urban-based company specializing in corporate fitness. Also operates some commercial facilities.
13 East Bank Club Chicago, IL (312) 527-5800 45 0% 1 (O) 1 (IL) 1980 650 N/A A very large (450,000 sq. ft.) multipurpose, urban country club in Chicago that offers fitness, spa and other sports and family-oriented services and amenities.
14 Fitness USA Supercenters W. Bloomfield, MI (248) 737-7200 40 0% 23 (O) 3 (CA, IN, MI) 1958 802 1 (N) In business for more than 40 years, Fitness USA Supercenters owns and operates fully-equiped centers in three states.
15 Lakeshore Management Group Chicago, IL (312) 644-4880 38 5% 3 (O)
2 (M)
4 (L)
3 (CA, IL, IN), England 1972 1,225 1 (N) Owns and operates large multi-purpose athletic clubs and luxury spas. Also manages wellness centers.
16 Leisure Sports Inc. Plesanton, CA (925) 600-1966 37.7 27% 3 (O) 3
(M)
3 (CA, NV, OR) 1978 1,383 N/A Owns and operates six clubs under the ClubSport brand including the 175-room Renaissance ClubSport Hotel and Fitness Resort.
17 New York Health & Racquet Clubs New York, NY (212) 797-1500 34 18% 8 (O) 1 (NY) 1973 500 2 (N) Upscale, full service, multipurpose clubs
18 Five Season Country Clubs Inc. Covington, KY (859) 292-5500 32 6% 7 (O) 4 (IL, IN, KY, OH) 1988 1,000 N/A Club management company that owns seven sports “country clubs” offering extensive sports and social programming.
19 Lucille Roberts Health Club New York, NY (212) 734-0500 31 2% 51 (O) 3 (NJ, NY, PA) 1969 700 2 (N) Women's-only chain operating in New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania.
20 Health Fitness Corp. Minneapolis, MN (952) 897-5275 28 8% 203 (M) 34, Canada 1975 2,272 N/A Publicly traded provider of fitness and wellness management services and programs to corporations, hospital communities and universities.
21 Fitness Formula Chicago, IL (312) 943-4666 26.4 6% 9 (O)
1 (M)
1 (IL) 1984 810 1 (N) Privately held owner/operator of upscale fitness clubs in the Chicago area.
22 Healthtrax International Glastonbury, CT (860) 633-5572 26 4% 23 (M)
13 (L)
16 1979 1,000 3 (N) Operates fitness centers with hospital partners/rehab/fitness services to self-insured companies.
23 The Alaska Club Anchorage, AK (907) 337-9550 25.7 15% 8 (O)
5 (L)
1 (AK) 1986 1,000 N/A Owner of multipurpose, fitness-only and women-only clubs.
24 The Atlantic Club Manasquan, NJ (732) 292-4461 25 20% 2 (O) 1 (NJ) 1977 800 N/A Owns and operates two large, multipurpose facilities in New Jersey.
25 The Houstonian Houston, TX (713) 685-6888 24.4 5% 1 (O) 1 (TX) 1980 250 2 (N) The Houstonian is a 120,000 square-foot urban club.
26 Synergy Fitness International* New York, NY (212) 545-9590 23.3 13% 18 (O) 3 (FL, NJ, NY) 1990 270 N/A Owner and operator of moderately priced fitness clubs.
27 Global Fitness Holdings dba Gold's Gyms Lexington, KY (859) 252-5993 23 27% 12 (O) 3 (KY, OH, TN) 1994 300 3 (N) Sports club facilities offering amenities such as family fitness, women's-only, indoor children's playground and more.
28 In-Shape Health Club Inc. Stockton, CA (209) 472-2231 22 25% 6 (O)
12 (L)
1 (CA) 1981 650 4 (N) Large health club company specializing in full-service, family-oriented facilities and programs.
29 Lifestyle Family Fitness, LLC St. Petersburg, FL (727) 456-3100 21.7 33% 16 (O) 1 (FL) 1982 816 2 (N) Privately held co-ed fitness center chain in central Florida that offers only month-to-month memberships.
30 American Leisure Corp. New City, NY (845) 638-2201 21 3% 1 (O)
62 (M)
Nationwide, International 1967 500 10 (N) Provides management and consulting services to the fitness, spa, recreation and lifestyle industries.
31 Club Sports West, Inc. San Ramon, CA (925) 314-7878 20 100% 4 (O) 2 (CA, UT) 1992 450 N/A Large, multipurpose clubs in suburban locations offering facilities and programming for adults and children.
31 Island Tennis, L.P. dba Sportime Kings Park, NY (631) 269-1055 20 11% 9 (O)
3 (L)
1 (NY) 1995 550 N/A Club owner and operator of 12 sites in the New York metro area, with an emphasis on tennis.
33 Club Fit Jefferson Valley, NY (914) 245-4040 19 6.5% 2 (O) 1 (NY) 1973 450 N/A Multipurpose suburban facilities, outside of New York City celebrating its 30th year.
34 WOW! Work Out World Brick, NJ (732) 477-5400 18.1 20% 7 (O)
1 (F)
13 (L)
4 (CT, MA, NJ, RI) Japan 1991 800 2 (N) 1 (A) Family-owned and operated upscale, service-oriented clubs. Wow! Offers a 30-day money back guarantee.
35 Pro-Club Management, LLC Oxford, AL (356) 454-0227 17.3 -30% 14 (O)
15 (M)
3 (L)
5 (AL, FL, GA, MI, TN) 1995 384 4 (N)
21 (A)
Following the sell-off of several clubs, poised for rapid growth with the goal of topping $20 million in revenue by 2006.
36 Newtown Athletic & Aquatic Club Newtown, PA (215) 968-0600 17 30% 3 (O)
1 (M)
2 (NJ, PA) 1978 580 1 (N) Two full-service facilities, one featuring a spa/salon and one a country club with golf and banquet facilities.
37 Saw Mill Sports Management* Mt. Kisco, NY (914) 241-0797 16 5% 3 (O)
2 (L)
2 (CT, NJ) 1972 N/A N/A Club management company with five upscale clubs in the New York metro area.
37 Shapes Family Fitness Inc. Tampa, FL (813) 264-1711 16 3% 13 (O)
2 (M)
1 (FL) 1983 480 2 (N) Consists of 11 women's clubs and two co-ed clubs operating on the central west coast of Florida.
37 Meridian Sports Clubs Novato, CA (415) 897-2185 16 120% 5 (O)
1 (M)
1 (CA) 1994 400 2 (N) California-based multisport and fitness/sports facilities.
40 Richmond Fitness t/a American Family Fitness Centers Glen Allen, VA (864) 965-5300 15.3 16% 3 (O)
3 (L)
1 (VA) 1990 560 1 (N) Multipurpose facilities ranging in size from 32,000 to 55,000 sq. ft. located in suburban Richmond, VA.
41 Fitworks Richmond Heights, OH (216) 289-3100 15 20% 13 (O) 2 (OH, KY) 1996 450 2 (N) Expanding chain of fitness facilities.
42 HEALTHWORKS Fitness Centers Boston, MA (617) 859-8700 14.5 2% 4 (O) 1 (MA) 1978 400 1 (N) Boston-based chain of high-volume women-only clubs. Also operates one club under the non-profit Healthworks Foundation.
43 DMB Sports Clubs Phoenix, AZ (480) 609-6979 14.4 8% 2 (O) 1 (AZ) 1980 450 N/A Privately held operator of high-end, multirecreational family and sports clubs.
44 Fitcorp Boston, MA (617) 375-5600 14 7% 14 (O)
22 (M)
3 (MA, NH, RI) 1979 160 3 (N) Urban-based public and private facilities specializing in corporate fitness.
44 JCC of St. Louis St. Louis, MO (314) 432-5700 14 0% 2 (O) 1 (MO) 1952 1,000 N/A Full-service community center, expanding in 2003 with additional specialty studios and nutrition programs.
46 Centre Club Libertyville, IL (847) 990-5750 13.7 4% 2 (O) 1 (IL) 1988 342 N/A Two 70,000 square-foot hospital-owned multipurpose health and fitness centers.
47 Orlando Sportsplex, LTD dba RDV Sportsplex Orlando, FL (407) 916-2442 13.2 -9% 1 (O) 1 (FL) 1997 280 N/A A 365,000 square foot, $60 million fitness, sports and recreation facility co-owned with Florida Hospital.
48 Aquahab, L.P. Bala Cynwyd, PA (610) 664-6464 13.1 8% 4 (O) 2 (NJ, PA) 1994 525 N/A Family-owned and operated facilities offering fitness and physical therapy.
49 The Longfellow Clubs Wayland, MA (508) 358-7355 13 18% 5 (O)
1 (M)
1 (MA) 1980 511 N/A Locally owned, multipurpose, multiclub operation, focusing on health, tennis and family-friendly programming.
49 The Sports Club at Chelsea Piers New York, NY (212) 336-6000 13 0% 1 (O) 1 (NY) 1993 283 N/A An urban, upscale, health and fitness facility that is one of the largest in the country with a wide variety of facilities.
51 Merritt Athletic Clubs, LLC Baltimore, MD (410) 298-8700 12 16% 7 (O) 1 (MD) 1977 550 2 (N) Privately owned company with seven sites, expanding to nine in 2003, all on the East Coast.
52 Elmwood Fitness Center New Orleans, LA (504) 733-1600 11.6 1% 3 (O) 1 (LA) 1988 262 N/A Operates one large multipurpose club and two fitness-only locations all owned by a hospital.
53 YWCA of Minneapolis Minneapolis, MN (612) 332-0501 11 10% 3 (O) 1 (MN) 1891 614 N/A Owns and operates three large, multipurpose fitness facilities, as well as a 50,000-square-foot indoor field house.
54 WTS International Silver Springs, MD (301) 622-7800 10.5 22% 53 (M) Nationwide 1973 520 15 (N) A 30-year-old company that provides spa and fitness facility planning, design and management services.
55 SportsFirst Inc. Birmingham, AL (205) 715-5405 10.2 2% 5 (O)
3 (M)
1 (L)
1 (AL) 1983 508 N/A For-profit, wholly-owned subsidiary of Baptist Health System of Alabama.
56 Gainesville Health and Fitness Centers Gainesville, FL (352) 377-4955 9.8 11% 5 (O) 1 (FL) 1977 330 N/A Operates a multipurpose and a women's-only facility in the Southeast with a physical therapy business.
56 Athletic Club Investors LLC W. Bloomfield, MI (248) 626-9880 9.8 5% 2 (O) 1 (MI) 1991 300 N/A Suburban Detroit operator of two large multipurpose athletic clubs.
58 Greenwood Athletic Club Greenwood Village, CO (303) 770-2582 9.7 -2% 2 (O) 1 (CO) 1987 275 N/A Large multipurpose clubs in the Denver area.
59 Michigan Athletic Club East Lansing, MI (517) 337-0002 9.6 0% 1 (O) 1 (MI) 1991 280 N/A 270,000 sq. ft., hospital-based, multipurpose club.
60 Corporate Sports Unlimited Smyrna, GA (770) 432-0100 9.3 12% 15 (M)
2 (L)
1 (GA) 1980 122 4 (N)
2 (A)
Design and consulting company with 23 years of experience in corporate health clubs, spas wellness centers and more.
61 Akron General Lifestyles Akron, OH (303) 665-8000 9.1 9% 3 (O)
1 (M)
1 (OH) 1996 210 1 (N) Medical-based fitness and wellness center focusing on prevention and medical treatment.
62 Courthouse Athletic Clubs Salem, OR (505) 364-3463 9.0 18% 5 (O) 1 (OR) 1977 400 N/A Professionally managed, urban-based multisports clubs.
63 Trihealth Fitness & Health Pavilion Cincinnati, OH (513) 985-6700 8.6 6% 1 (O)
1 (L)
1 (OH) 1997 213 N/A Medical-based wellness center with an emphasis on prevention and rehabilitation.
64 Racquet Club of Memphis Memphis, TN (901) 765-4400 8.5 0% 1 (O) 1 (TN) 1974 150 N/A Private club featuring the only ATP and WTA professional tour stops indoors in the world.
65 Riverside Wellness & Fitness Newport News, VA (757) 594-2432 8.3 -2% 6 (O) 1 (VA) 1982 625 N/A Large multiclub operation owned and operated by Riverside Health Systems.
66 Salutary SportsClubs Inc. Vacaville, CA (707) 447-4800 8.2 9% 4 (O)
1 (L)
1 (CA) 1991 225 1 (N)
2 (A)
Multisport athletic clubs featuring family-oriented programming.
66 Weymouth Club Weymouth, MA (781) 337-4600 8.2 17% 1 (O)
1 (M)
1 (MA) 1988 220 N/A Large, suburban multipurpose female club and satellite up-scale adult-only fitness center.
68 Brick Bodies Fitness Services Inc.* Cockeysville, MD (410) 252-8058 8.1 16% 7 (O) 2 (FL, MD) 1985 450 N/A Owns and operates four multipurpose facilities and three women's-only facilities.
69 World Gym-Setauket E. Setauket, NY (631) 751-6100 8 4% 4 (O) 1 (NY) 1980 380 N/A Owner/operator of multipurpose clubs on Long Island, NY.
70 Nubody's Fitness Centers Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Canada (902) 468-8920 7.9 45% 9 (O) Canada 1983 285 N/A Regional chain of fitness centers.
71 Cooper Fitness Center Dallas, TX (972) 233-4832 7.8 6.8% 1 (O)
3 (M)
1 (TX) 1970 145 N/A The Cooper Fitness Center is an integral part of a 30-acre complex known for its advances in preventive medicine and fitness research.
72 Chicago Athletic Association Chicago, IL (312) 236-7500 7.5 6% 1 (O) 1 (IL) 1890 107 N/A Private city club providing full-service dining, lodging, athletics and catering. Specializes in athletics for the business person.
73 L&T Health and Fitness Falls Church, VA (703) 204-1355 7.3 12% 47 (M) 11 1984 364 4 (N) Women-owned heath and fitness management company. Features a separate health promotions division.
74 Maryland Athletic Club & Wellness Center Timonium, MD (410) 453-9111 7.2 9% 1 (O) 1 (MD) 1996 190 N/A Suburban multipurpose wellness center with affiliated on-site physical therapy, cardiology, clinical exercise and day spa.
75 Baylor Tom Landry Fitness Center Dallas, TX (214) 820-7870 7 9% 1 (O)
1 (M)
1 (TX) 1990 250 N/A Medically affliated multipurpose facility, specializing in 50-plus, aquatics, personal training and lifestyle/performance enhancement programs.
75 Atlantic Coast Athletic Club (ACAC)* Charlottesville, VA (434) 974-9890 7 19% 3 (O) 3 (MD, PA, VA) 1980 500 N/A Multipurpose facilities with strong emphasis on wellness.
77 California Fitness Centers1 Inc.* Columbus, OH (614) 792-3121 6.7 25% 5 (O) 1 (OH) 1998 400 N/A Chain of multipurpose clubs that offers lifestyle coaching and on-site corporate wellness.
77 Spa Health Clubs Inc. Raleigh, NC (919) 848-3105 6.7 -3% 7 (O) 1 (NC) 1978 376 N/A Chain of seven local health clubs.
79 Franklin Athletic Club/International Tennis Corp. Smithfield, MI (248) 352-8000 6.5 -8% 1 (O) 1 (MI) 1969 200 N/A Large private fitness and racquet club.
80 SportFit Total Fitness Clubs Bowie, MD (301) 352-4553 6.4 19% 4 (O) 1 (MD) 1986 175 N/A Multipurpose suburban locations including physical therapy centers.
81 Ruth Stricker's Fitness Unlimited Inc. dba The Marsh Minnetonka, MN (952) 935-2202 6.3 -1% 1 (O) 1 (MN) 1985 210 N/A Programming focuses on the mind/body philosophy of health and wellness incorporating integrative medicine.
82 Cederdale Inc.* Haverhill, MA (978) 373-1596 6.2 0% 1 (O) 1 (MA) 1971 200 N/A Multipurpose facility in the Northeast, with a large outdoor component.
82 Fitness Management Group, LLC dba Peak Fitness Charlotte, NC (704) 439-2630 6.2 30% 7 (O) 1 (NC) 1999 125 3 (N) Club management company with seven sites.
84 Harris HealthTrends Inc. Toledo, OH (419) 885-5100 6.1 5% 1 (O)
25 (M)
8 1987 185 5 (N)
2 (A)
Provides on-site fitness, wellness and rehab programs to businesses, union, managed care, municipalities and hospitals.
84 Healthplex Sports Club Springfield, PA (610) 328-8892 6.1 -1% 1 (O)
1 (M)
2 (NY, PA) 1976 180 N/A Hospital-based fitness and wellness center and club management company.
86 Santa Barbara Flex Inc.* Santa Barbara, CA (805) 966-3599 6 7% 4 (F) 1 (CA) 1987 140 N/A Operates four fitness-only franchised clubs under the Gold's Gym brand.
87 The Rush Fitness Complex Knoxville, TN (860) 777-7874 5.8 152% 2 (O) 1 (TN) 2001 160 2 (N) High-energy multipurpose club, which features entertainment.
88 The Right Stuff Health Club San Jose, CA (408) 261-7630 5.7 15% 3 (O) 1 (CA) 1984 160 N/A Small express fitness centers operating in the California Bay area.
89 Lifebridge Health & Fitness* Baltimore, MD (410) 484-6800 5.6 3% 1 (O)
5 (M)
1 (MD) 1996 229 N/A Operates one multipurpose facility and five off-site corporate centers.
90 Prime Time Athletic Club Inc. Burlingame, CA (650) 697-7311 5.3 3% 1 (O) 1 (CA) 1979 95 N/A A 100,000 sq. ft. high-end facility located on five acres.
91 Tilton Fitness Mngmt. Egg Harbor Township, NJ (609) 646-2590 5.2 9% 4 (O) 1 (NJ) 1984 210 1 (N) 1 (A) Develops and operates for-profit fitness clubs with hospital partners. Also owns and operates a large multipurpose club.
92 Corporate Fitness Works Montgomery Village, MD (301) 417-9697 4.8 -10% 26 (M) 9 1988 250 7 (N) A woman-owned health and fitness management company.
93 Champion Fitness Inc. dba Bally Total Fitness Syracuse, NY (315) 701-0966 4.6 8% 5 (O) 1 (NY) 1994 180 1 (N) Only domestic franchisee of Bally Total Fitness.
93 Workout Life Vista, CA (760) 724-6944 4.6 11% 6 (O) 2 (CA, MO) 1997 100 1 (A) Owner-operated chain with six locations.
95 HSG Health Systems Group Limited Mississauga, Ontario Canada (405) 858-0333 4.3 8% 32 (M) Canada 1978 150 3 (N) 75 percent of managed clubs are on-site corporate fitness centers. Anticipated growth will be in non-facility-based wellness programs.
96 Franco's Athletic Club Handeville, LA (985) 792-0200 4.2 8% 2 (O) 1 (LA) 19878 250 N/A 100,000 sq. ft. multipurpose facility specializing in family fitness with over 14,000 members.
97 Robious Sports & Fitness Center Richmond, VA (804) 330-2222 4.1 4% 1 (O) 1 (VA) 1988 140 1 (N) Largest wellness center in the HCA network with 14 years with same management team.
98 Mid-Valley Athletic Club Resda, CA (818) 705-6500 4 1% 2 (O) 1 (CA) 1979 120 N/A Privately owned and operated heatlh clubs.
98 National Fitness Clubs of Florida Inc. N. Andover, MA (239) 267-5287 4 5% 4 (O) 2 (CA, NH) 1997 160 1 (N) Licensee of Gold's Gym.
98 Spectrum Fitness Clubs Baton Rouge, L (225) 753-3573 4 5% 5 (O) 1 (L) 1 (LA) 1992 200 1 (N) Operates three multipurpose facilities and two women's-only clubs.
1. Increases may reflect revenue growth through acquisitions of new clubs openings.
2. (O) = Owned. (M) = Managed. (L) = Leased, (LS) = Licensed, (F) = Franchised
3. (N) = New, (A) = Acquire, N/A- None planned or Not Given.
* = Industry estimates made.

Franchisers/Licensors of 2003

This list breaks down the industry's leading franchisers/licensors by the number of locations that they license/franchise, and by the number of clubs that they own.

Company #of Franchises/Licenses #of owned Clubs
Curves for Women Over 6,000
Gold's Gym 625* 31*
Lady of America
Franchise Corp. 500
World Gym 325 (1)
Powerhouse 240*
Healthy Inspirations 65
*- From company Web site (1)- Industry Estimate

As with our Top 100 rankings we have relied on the companies to provide accurate information either personally or via information in literature and on the Web. We have also relied on industry-weighted estimates, as well as information from others in the fitness industry.

While these companies are the industry's franchising/licensing leaders, other clubs also make money by selling their brands. In 2002, Bally Total Fitness franchised several locations worldwide, WOW! Workout World licensed several and many others are looking at this alternative to build their brands.